Posted on : May 29, 2023 by Clinic One Team on Diseases in Nepal
Hypertension is another name for high blood pressure. High blood pressure is a condition where the blood’s constant pressure against the artery walls is too high.
The systolic pressure (the top number) and the diastolic pressure (the bottom number) are used to indicate blood pressure in millimeters of mercury (mmHg).
Around 120/80 mmHg is generally regarded as a normal blood pressure result.
Over time, blood vessels and internal organs may be harmed if blood pressure is persistently elevated over this healthy range.
Serious health issues like heart disease, stroke, and renal failure are made more likely as a result.
Due to the fact that high blood pressure frequently goes undiagnosed and untreated, it is frequently referred to as a “silent killer” and can have catastrophic implications.
A person’s chance of acquiring high blood pressure can be increased by a number of variables.
Some of the most common risk factors are as follows:
- Age: Our blood pressure tends to rise as we get older. Before the age of 45, men are more prone to develop high blood pressure, whereas women are more likely to do so beyond the age of 65.
- Family history: You may be more prone to developing high blood pressure if there is a history of the condition in your family.
- Obesity: Carrying extra body weight or being obese puts additional stress on the heart and blood vessels, raising the risk of high blood pressure.
- Physical inactivity: Being sedentary increases the risk of high blood pressure by causing weight gain and other health issues.
- Unhealthy diet: Consuming a lot of processed foods, saturated fats, and salt can increase the risk of high blood pressure.
- Smoking: Smoking harms blood vessels and raises the possibility of high blood pressure.
- Chronic stress: Chronic stress causes the body to create stress hormones that tighten blood vessels and raise heart rate, which can lead to high blood pressure.
High blood pressure sometimes can get very harmful and in that case, you should get checked by a doctor.
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However, there are some tips in order to manage high blood pressure. Some of the tips are listed below:
- Eat a diet high in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean protein, and low-fat dairy products to maintain good health. Limit your consumption of processed foods, salt, sugar, and saturated fats.
- Keep a healthy weight: If you are obese or overweight, losing weight can help lower your blood pressure.
- Regular exercise is important. Aim for 75 minutes of intense activity or at least 150 minutes of moderate exercise per week. This can enhance general health and lower blood pressure.
- Limit alcohol consumption since excessive alcohol use might raise blood pressure. Men should limit their daily alcohol intake to two drinks, while women should limit their daily alcohol intake to one.
- Stop smoking since it increases the risk of high blood pressure and damages blood vessels. Quitting smoking can lower blood pressure and reduce the risk of developing other health problems.
- Reduce your stress levels because sustained stress might raise your blood pressure. Deep breathing, yoga, and other stress-reduction techniques can all help decrease blood pressure.
- Be sure to follow the directions on any prescription drugs your doctor has given you if you want to lower your blood pressure.
Develop a plan to control your high blood pressure in collaboration with your healthcare practitioner.
You may help lower your blood pressure and lessen your chance of developing major health issues by implementing these suggestions and collaborating with your primary doctor.
However, if you are already suffering from high blood pressure, you can always treat it.
There are several medications recommended by doctors that will help you in treating high blood pressure over time. The most important thing is cooperating with a healthy lifestyle and making healthy eating habits.
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