Breaking the Stigma: Importance of Knowing Menstrual Cycle

Posted on : April 27, 2023 by Clinic One on Ob Gyn

Understanding Menstrual Cycle: A Comprehensive Guide

Every month women go through a series of changes in their bodies in preparation for the possibility of pregnancy.

One of the ovaries releases an egg each month and this process is called ovulation. It includes the shedding of the uterine lining on a monthly basis as well as the release of an egg from the ovary, which can then be fertilized by sperm during sexual activity.

Estrogen and progesterone, among other hormones, regulate the menstrual cycle, which ordinarily lasts about 28 days but can differ from person to person.

An essential component of female reproductive health, the menstrual cycle affects fertility and general well-being.

Estrogen and progesterone in particular regulate the menstrual cycle.

The Menstrual phase (days 1–5), Follicular phase (days 6–14), Ovulatory phase (days 14–16), and Luteal phase (days 17–21) are the four standard stages of the menstrual cycle.

  • The uterine lining (endometrium) sheds during the first phase, which is referred to as the menstrual phase and lasts for 1 to 5 days.

  • The follicular phase is the name of the second stage. This stage lasts until ovulation and starts on the final day of monthly bleeding. The lining of the uterus thickens in anticipation of a prospective pregnancy, while follicles in the ovaries start to form and mature.

  • The ovulatory phase is the third stage. About day 14 of the menstrual cycle, a developed follicle in the ovary releases an egg during this phase (ovulation). The menstrual cycle’s most fertile period is this one.

  • The Luteal phase is the final phase of the menstrual cycle. The follicle transforms into the corpus luteum, a tissue that produces progesterone, after ovulation.
    In order to prepare for pregnancy, progesterone contributes to an even greater thickening of the uterine lining. The corpus luteum disintegrates, progesterone levels fall, and the menstrual cycle starts over if the egg is not fertilized.


If a woman who has already had her period misses her period for more than 6 months, she must consult with a gynecologist to find out the cause and get appropriate treatment. 

irregular menstrual cycle kathmandu Nepal

Often women face several menstrual problems from time to time.

Some of the common problems women face during the menstrual cycle are:

  • Periods that are irregular: When a woman’s menstrual cycle is inconsistent, the intervals between her periods can change.
  • Heavy periods: Excessive bleeding during a woman’s period, which can cause anaemia and other health issues.
  • Period pain: The discomfort or pain a woman feels during her menstrual cramps, which can be slight to extremely painful.
  • Premenstrual syndrome (PMS): A collection of symptoms, such as mood swings, bloating, headaches, and breast pain, that many women experience in the days or weeks preceding their period.
  • Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD): A severe case of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) that results in distressing mental and physical symptoms, such as irritability, anxiety, and depression.
  • Endometriosis: A condition that results in painful periods, copious bleeding, and infertility by causing the tissue that normally lines the uterus to develop outside of it.
  • PCOS: It is a hormonal condition that can result in irregular periods, acne, weight gain, and infertility.
  • Menstrual cycles are absent due to amenorrhea, which can be brought on by pregnancy, breastfeeding, menopause, or other medical disorders.

Often these menstrual problems make it harder for a woman to function on a normal basis while they are on their menstrual cycle.

While sometimes, these issues are normal, if these issues are becoming excessive and the pain is unbearable, it is highly encouraged that women seek professional help.

However, there are some tips that women can follow in order to manage their menstrual problems and keep them under control. Some of the tips are:

  • Keep a nutritious diet: Consuming a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins will help to reduce bloating and cramping associated with menstruation.
  • Exercise on a regular basis: Exercising on a regular basis can help to enhance general health and lessen menstruation symptoms. Think about engaging in low-impact exercises like yoga, strolling, or swimming.
  • Maintaining a healthy level of hydration, and restricting caffeine and salt consumption will help you avoid bloating and fluid retention during your period.
  • Use painkillers: Ibuprofen or naproxen, two over-the-counter painkillers, which can help to ease menstrual cramps and other period-related pain.
  • Use heat therapy: Menstrual cramps can be eased by placing a heating pad or hot water bottle on the lower abdomen or lower back.
  • Using relaxation strategies like deep breathing, meditation, or yoga can assist to reduce the symptoms of menstruation because stress can make them worse.
  • Consult your physician: Speak with your healthcare practitioner about various treatment choices, such as hormonal birth control, pain management, or other therapies, if menstrual difficulties are significantly affecting your quality of life.

In conclusion, it cannot be stressed how crucially important the menstrual cycle is to the functioning of the female organism.

Changes in the menstrual cycle are a marker of reproductive health and frequently point to underlying medical issues.

The menstrual cycle is essential for fertility because it enables women to become pregnant and give birth.

Yet, menstruation troubles can seriously affect a woman’s quality of life, so it’s critical to deal with them in order to preserve general health and well-being.

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