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PNEUMONIA VACCINE

Posted on : December 28, 2018 by Clinic One on Uncategorized


Worried by ongoing high fever, cold, cough and shivers? Worried about your elders or kids continuing to be very sick with high fever? Be very careful of Pneumonia.

Get Vaccinated to protect against Pneumonia.  At Clinic One, we offer the Vaccine in our sanitary and comfortable clinics. We understand that this is urgent so can offer this vaccine in the convenience of your home. Elders who may be unable to come to our clinic will greatly benefit from our in-home vaccination services.

Call Clinic One Kathmandu at  01-5009233 | 9863393960 or email us at [email protected] and get the Pneumonia Vaccine.


Why must Pneumonia vaccination be taken?

Pneumonia is an infection that affects the lungs in the human body. It intensifies the air sacks which may fill with fluid causing cough with phlegm, fever, and difficulty in breathing. Pneumonia is caused mainly by bacteria and viruses that enter your body. It can be life-threatening especially to the old age people and also to those who have a weak immune system. Hence, the Pneumonia vaccine must be taken as a prevention measure.

Why should elders get pneumonia vaccine in the winter?

As we grow older, our immune system starts to decline. Many researchers believe that exposure to cold weather during winter also adversely affects our immune response.

The Immune system is a defense system that the human body uses to resist infections and toxins. A weakened immune system means a higher risk of contracting infections like Pneumonia.
Therefore, older adults above 65 years of age are highly recommended to get a Pneumonia Vaccine for prevention against Pneumonia due to their low immunity power.


What are the symptoms of Pneumonia?

Pneumonia symptoms may vary from one person to another but some of the major symptoms are:

  • Cough
  • Fever with chills
  • Chest Pain
  • Shortness of breath


What are the causes of Pneumonia in the elderly?

Pneumonia can be classified according to the infectious agents into bacterial, fungal, and viral pneumonia.

  • As people age, their immune systems work less which causes more chances of having Pneumonia.
  • Exposure to cold weather during winter lowers the immune response making old people more susceptible to Pneumonia.


How can you Prevent Pneumonia in the elderly?

  • Wash hands frequently as it may contain germs from daily activities.
  • Wear Masks.
  • Staying in a well-ventilated room, house or workplace.
  • Practice good oral hygiene.
  • Living a healthy lifestyle, (eating hygienic foods, staying hydrated, exercising daily).
  • A single shot of Pneumonia vaccine called PCV- 13 can prevent Pneumonia to the high risks groups such as:
    • Older adults above 65 years of age.
    • Adults under 65 years of age with a weakened immune system due to long term steroid therapy, HIV, Organ transplant and cancer patients.
    • Adults with chronic medical conditions like heart disease, asthma, diabetes, etc.

Following is the information regarding Pneumonia Vaccine provided at Clinic One.

Brand name of our Pneumonia vaccine
Prevenar 13,  Prefilled syringe

Indications
For active immunization for the prevention of pneumonia in infants and children from 2 months to 5 years of age and in adults of 50 years and older age group.

Dose and route of administration
0.5 ml is given intramuscularly in anterolateral thigh region in infants or the deltoid muscle of the upper arm in older children and adults.

Vaccination schedule

Primary immunization
For infants (more than 6 weeks), the recommended immunization of Prevenar 13 consists of three doses of 0.5ml each, at approximately 2 months interval, followed by a fourth dose

(Booster dose) of O.5ml at 12-15 months of age and at least 2 months after third dose.

Prevenar 13 schedule for infants and children previously vaccinated with pneumococcal 7-valent conjugate vaccine 
The supplemental dose of Prevenar 13 should be administered with an interval of at least 8 weeks after the final dose of pneumococcal 7-valent conjugate vaccine. To ensure adequate protection against all 13 serotypes, children 15 to 23 months of age that received only one a single dose of pneumococcal 7-valent conjugate vaccine before the age of 12 months, should receive 2 doses of Prevenar 13 at least 2 months apart and separated from the first dose by at least 2 months.

Prevenar 13 schedule for children 12 months through years of age incompletely vaccinated with prevenar 13


Vaccination schedule for adults 50 years of age and older
– single dose 

Contraindications
Hypersensitivity reaction

Special warnings

  • As with all injectable vaccines, appropriate medical treatment and supervision must always be readily available in case of rare anaphylactic event.
  • Minor illnesses-like respiratory infection.
  • Febrile illness.
  • Thrombocytopenia.

Precautions

  • Immunocompromised groups ( splenic dysfunction, HIV infection, cancer patients, nephrotic syndrome)
  • Pregnancy and lactation

What are the adverse reactions to the Pneumonia Vaccine?
Decreased appetite, irritability, crying, restless sleep, seizures, diarrhea, vomiting, edema, dyspnea, bronchospasm, hypersensitivity, rash, urticarial, fever, erythema, tenderness.

Clinic One has walk in appointments for all kinds of vaccines available at our clinic. We are open on all weekdays except Saturday from 7:00 am to 7:00 pm.

Back to Vaccination Page.

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Next: Tetanus Vaccine

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01-5009233 | 9863393960 | 01-6201815

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