Posted on : December 28, 2018 by Clinic One on Vaccination
Got a stray or street dog bite, or an animal scratch in Kathmandu or in your travels around Nepal? Got a Monkey scratch when you visited a temple? Are you concerned about animal contact and scratches during your travels in Nepal, Northern India, and Tibet?
Be careful and get a Rabies vaccine immediately. In the extreme case, someone bitten may die.
We offer Rabies vaccine in our clinic or at the comfort of your home. Call Clinic One Kathmandu today at 9861966614 or email us at [email protected]one.com.np.
The rabies vaccine is administered to prevent rabies. It is indicated for active immunization against the rabies virus. Vaccines are effective in humans and other animals. The most effective way to prevent the spread of rabies to humans is to vaccinate dogs.
Route of administration
Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis: Immunization before possible exposure to a case of high-risk professionals. E.g. Veterinarians, doctors, laboratory personnel, and people who are exposed to the risk of rabies.
Post- Exposure Treatment: Rabies vaccination is part of the post-exposure treatment of individuals after contact with animals that are rabid or suspected to be rabid. Vaccination with rabies vaccine should begin immediately after exposure to rabies, which has been confirmed or suspected. Other post-exposure treatment measure includes first aid and local wound, and administration of rabies immunoglobulin, if indicated. The choice of immunization schedule for post-exposure prophylaxis depends on the type of wound or exposure and the status of the animal.
Immediate wound treatment
Immediate local treatment of all bite wounds and scratches that may be contaminated with rabies virus is important. It is recommended to thoroughly wash the wound with ample water or detergent for 15 minutes and disinfect the site with 70% alcohol or tincture of iodine.
Vaccination of subjects already immunized against rabies
If the vaccine is administered to the subjects within 5 years of previous immunization (cell culture rabies vaccine), two booster doses of vaccine is to be administered via TM route on day 0 and day 3. If the vaccine was administered more than five years ago, vaccination schedule as per Post- Exposure Treatment may be followed.
The wound should not be sutured for seven days and RIG (rabies immunoglobulin) should always be administered before suturing. Prescriptions of antibiotics and the status of tetanus vaccination should be checked as per institutional anti-tetanus procedures.
Drugs interaction and other interaction
Corticosteroids and immunosuppressive treatment may interfere with antibody production and may cause the vaccine to fail. In order to avoid possible drug interaction, any ongoing treatment should be reported to your doctors.
Precaution / Contraindication Pre-exposure
- Febrile infection
- Pregnancy and lactation
- Progressive chronic disease
- Hypersensitivity to any of the ingredients of the vaccine
Post-Exposure: Due to the fatal progression of declared Rabies infection, there are absolutely no contraindications to curative anti- Rabies vaccination.
Local reaction: pain, erythema, edema, pruritus, and induration at the injection site may occur.
Systemic reaction: fever, shivering, fainting, asthenia, headache, dizziness, arthralgia, myalgia, gastrointestinal disorder (nausea, abdominal pain) may occur in some cases.
Exceptional cases: Anaphylactic reactions may be observed
Clinic One has walk-in appointments for all kinds of vaccines available at our clinic. We are open on all weekdays except Saturday from 7:00 am to 7:00 pm.
Additional Information at the Center for Disease Control
Back to Vaccination Page.
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