Osteoarthritis: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment in Nepal
What is Osteoarthritis?
The most common chronic (long-term) joint condition is Osteoarthritis (OA). Two bones fall together to create a joint. This cartilage breaks down with Osteoarthritis, which allows the bones within the joint to brush together. This can lead to pain, rigidity, and other symptoms. Osteoarthritis (OA) and Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) are two more common causes of arthritis.
Prevalence in Nepal
Osteoarthritis (OA) commonly happens in older individuals, but it may occur in adults of any generation. Osteoarthritis is commonly classified as a degenerative joint disorder, degenerative arthritis, and arthritis with wear and tear.
In Nepal, osteoarthritis is so prevalent that internists and rheumatologists (joint doctors) see numerous patients at their clinic each week.
In general, this particular type of arthritis is clinically diagnosed and usually does not require advanced imaging techniques such as CT scanning or magnetic resonance imaging.
Who is more at risk of Osteoarthritis in Nepal?
Osteoarthritis is caused by damage to the joint. This injury will worsen with time, which is why age is the key trigger of osteoarthritis-induced joint harm.
The older you are, the more wear and tear that you have on your joints. These may have a malformation of the knees, weight, and bad posture.
Your likelihood of osteoarthritis is raised by other risk factors, such as family background and being a woman, occupation with repetitive joint movements.
What causes osteoarthritis?
The causes of Osteoarthritis are:
Several may have a hereditary deficiency in one of the genes which are responsible for cartilage formation. This induces weak cartilage, contributing to the greater weakening of the joints.
Those who are born with joint defects are more prone to experience Osteoarthritis, while people who are born with spine abnormality (such as scoliosis or spine curvature) are more likely to develop spine arthritis.
Obesity raises the likelihood of know, shoulder, and back arthritis. Maintaining ideal weight or losing excess weight may help prevent Osteoarthritis of these areas, or decrease progression rates once Osteoarthritis has been established.
The wounds may lead to Osteoarthritis. For example, athletes who have knee-related injuries may have an increased risk of developing knee Osteoarthritis.
Additionally, individuals who have endured a serious back injury could be predisposed to spinal Osteoarthritis.
Overuse in some joints causes Osteoarthritis more likely to occur. Those with occupations that involve regular knee bending are at elevated risk of developing Knee Osteoarthritis.
People with rheumatoid arthritis is the second most severe form of arthritis, appear to experience osteoarthritis more frequently. Additionally, certain unusual circumstances, such as iron overload or overgrowth hormone, increase the risk of Osteoarthritis production.
What are the symptoms of Osteoarthritis?
Symptoms of osteoarthritis grow gradually, then worsen with time. Osteoarthritis indications and effects shall include:
- Pain: During certain movement, the affected joints might hurt
- Stiffness: Joint stiffness might be most noticeable upon awakening or after being active
- Tenderness: When light pressure is applied to near you joint you might fee the tenderness.
- Loss of flexibility: You are unable to move your joining through its full range of motion.
- Grating sensation: If you use the joint you can experience a grating feeling and you can hear cracking or crackling
- Bone Spurs: Around the affected joint area, extra bits of bone which feel like hard lumps can be formed
- Swelling: This may be caused by swelling of the soft tissue around the joint.
How is Osteoarthritis treated?
Osteoarthritis is usually treated through a combination of treatments involving exercise, weight reduction as required, medicine, muscle strengthening physical therapy activities, hot and cold compresses, drainage of joint fluid, injection of drugs into the joint, and use of supportive equipment such as crutches or canes.
Surgery may be useful where other medical methods have not proven successful in relieving pain.
Your age, work and career, overall health, medical history, physical safety, location of your Osteoarthritis, the severity of the condition, and many other variables influence the type of treatment needed for Osteoarthritis.
Where can you see a doctor for Osteoarthritis in Kathmandu?
You can visit the doctor in case your pain is unbearable or if you observe the symptoms of Osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis is a lifelong illness of little remedy but the future is good of medication.
Book your Orthopedic Appointment at Clinic One Kathmandu:
Call 015009233 | 9863393960
or, Request an Appointment below.
Don’t ignore symptoms of stiffness and chronic joint pain. The more you speak to a doctor, the better you will be able to receive a diagnosis, continue recovery, and boost the quality of life.
Therefore, if you have any type of joint pain or stiffness that doesn’t go away, make an appointment with your doctor.
How to prevent Osteoarthritis?
Osteoarthritis can also be controlled and managed by certain preventive measures. The following ways can help you manage the risk factors.
- Support your body: If you’re an athlete or an avid exerciser, make sure that you’re looking after your body.
Wear athletic supports and shoes which reduce knee effects. Often make sure the sports differ and all the muscles get a workout, not all the same muscles every time.
- Watch your weight: You must maintain your body mass index (BMI) in the appropriate range for your height and gender.
- Healthy diet: Eat varieties of healthy and balanced foods and especially focus on fresh vegetables and fruits.
- Get enough rest: Take care of your body and give your body ample of opportunities to rest and get sleep.
The injury that occurs while engaging in any sports or exercise is called sports injury. There are a number of reasons that cause sports injuries. It can occur due to a lack of use of proper technique, over-training, and failing to warm up before engaging in sports.