5 life threatening diseases common among Nepalese people.
The geological diversity, air pollution, lack of proper sanitation and healthcare are some of the reasons for epidemic diseases in Nepal and Nepalese people. According to WHO (World Health Organization) and IHME (Institute of Health Metrics and Evaluation), below are the most common diseases with highest risk of deaths in Nepal –
- COPD(Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease): COPD includes a list of chronic lung disease including chronic bronchitis, emphysema, and refractory (non-reversible) asthma. It is the leading cause of death in Nepal. In 2012, 17,200 people lost their lives from COPD in Nepal and the rate has increased 22.1% since 2005 to 2015. The main factors leading to COPD are air pollution, smoking and use of biomass fuels.
- IHD (Ischemic Heart Disease): 9.2 % of total deaths occurred in 2012 was caused by IHD – also known as coronary artery disease. According to WHO, it is the second leading cause of death in Nepal. The main causes for IHD are poor dietary habits, high blood pressure, diabetes and smoking.
- Cerebrovascular Disease: The disease killed a total of 15,300 people in 2012, making it one of the main cause of death in the country. Since then, there is simultaneous increase in the death rate by 25.7%. The main risk factors are alcohol consumption, smoking cigarettes, diabetes and hypertension. Cerebrovascular disease refers to a set of conditions which leads to cerebrovascular accident, known as stroke.
- Lower Respiratory Infections: It is one of the common infectious disease, which is responsible for 7% of the total death in Nepal including both children and adults. It includes various conditions like pneumonia, acute or chronic bronchitis, influenza and whooping cough. The rate has significantly decreased by 42.3% since the last decade in Nepal due to the introduction of various medications and vaccinations.
- Tuberculosis(TB): TB is one of the common life threatening air borne disease in Nepal. Fortunately, the death rate has decreased by 19.1% in Nepal from 2005 to 2015. But it still remains at the top of the chart as the highest risk factor of death in Nepal.