Foot pain and problems
Series of 26 bones interconnected by joints, muscles, tendons, and ligaments make human foot the most complex structure of our body.
As with the role of carrying the load of the whole body to facilitate our movement, the foot is therefore exposed to many stresses and thereby injuries.
Hence the pain in the foot may result in pain and inflammation consequently limiting our movement and affecting our day to day activity.
Causes and Signs of foot pain and problems
Various diseases, deformities, biomechanical conditions, improper footwear, and injuries can be the sources of foot pain and problems.
Similarly, pain, tenderness, bruising, redness, numbness, tingling, and shooting pains are the major indicators of the problem.
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Diagnosis and Treatment options for Foot Pain
Diagnosis starts with the physical investigation by a medical professional or an Orthopedic specialist along with some verbal evaluation of the possible causes.
Generally touching, manipulating, and inspecting the area under pain may reveal the type of the problem but occasionally X-Rays, MRI, and Scans might be necessary to elucidate the exact nature of the problem.
Similarly, self-help remedies such as the use of ice-pack, heat treatment, and compression through bandage can treat minor cases of foot pain but a serious injury resulting in broken bones may need surgery.
Types of Foot problems
This is a bone outgrowth on the underside of the heel bone. This outgrowth is the result of extra stress on the connective tissue called (plantar fascia) that acts as a shock absorber.
But this continuous extra stress due to running, overstretching, being overweight, or wearing poor footwear can make the body build extra bone instigating a chronic foot problem.
These are the yellowish callus growth that develops on the top of the toes due to stressors such as rubbing against a shoe or another toe. These can be very painful and requires trimming down.
These are the outgrowth and protrusion of bone or tissue around the base of the big or small toe. These are usually seen in women as they wear tight, pointed, and confining shoes. These may require surgery and wearing comfortable footwear.
This is a condition where the middle joint of affected toe buckles to poke out aggravated by the use of tight-fitting shoes.
Major injuries such as fall, twist, or blow are the major causes of foot fractures including any one of the 26 bones that make up our feet.
Although minor fractures may heal itself out while the major ones may need surgery or a cast to heal.
References John Hopkins University (2020), Foot pain and problems, Department of Medicine and Health, Newsletter Kyoung Min Han, William C Shiel (2019), MedicineNet, Article on Foot Pain By Clinic One Team 17 | 07 | 2020
Pain in the back of the body sometimes diffusing to the lower parts such as buttocks and legs is commonly termed as back pain.
General symptoms for back pain may include:
- Muscle pain around the back which can be shooting or stabbing
- Sometimes this pain may radiate downwards towards buttocks or legs
Osteoarthritis is caused by damage to the joint. This injury will worsen with time, which is why age is the key trigger of osteoarthritis-induced joint harm.
The older you are, the more wear and tear that you have on your joints. These may have a malformation of the knees, weight, and bad posture.
here are many factors that cause our bones to break. This includes physical factors like falls, vehicle accidents, sports injuries, and physical fights or medical factors like osteoporosis, deficiency of vitamin D, and calcium or infection. An orthopedic doctor/surgeon provides the treatment for a broken bone.