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Foot pain and problems

Foot pain problems and treatments


Series of 26 bones interconnected by joints, muscles, tendons, and ligaments make human foot the most complex structure of our body.

As with the role of carrying the load of the whole body to facilitate our movement, the foot is therefore exposed to many stresses and thereby injuries.

Hence the pain in the foot may result in pain and inflammation consequently limiting our movement and affecting our day to day activity.


Causes and Signs of foot pain and problems

Various diseases, deformities, biomechanical conditions, improper footwear, and injuries can be the sources of foot pain and problems.

Similarly, pain, tenderness, bruising, redness, numbness, tingling, and shooting pains are the major indicators of the problem. 



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Diagnosis and Treatment options for Foot Pain

Diagnosis starts with the physical investigation by a medical professional or an Orthopedic specialist along with some verbal evaluation of the possible causes.

Generally touching, manipulating, and inspecting the area under pain may reveal the type of the problem but occasionally X-Rays, MRI, and Scans might be necessary to elucidate the exact nature of the problem.

Similarly, self-help remedies such as the use of ice-pack, heat treatment, and compression through bandage can treat minor cases of foot pain but a serious injury resulting in broken bones may need surgery.


Types of Foot problems


Heel Spurs

This is a bone outgrowth on the underside of the heel bone. This outgrowth is the result of extra stress on the connective tissue called (plantar fascia) that acts as a shock absorber.

But this continuous extra stress due to running, overstretching, being overweight, or wearing poor footwear can make the body build extra bone instigating a chronic foot problem.


Corn

These are the yellowish callus growth that develops on the top of the toes due to stressors such as rubbing against a shoe or another toe. These can be very painful and requires trimming down.


Bunion

These are the outgrowth and protrusion of bone or tissue around the base of the big or small toe. These are usually seen in women as they wear tight, pointed, and confining shoes. These may require surgery and wearing comfortable footwear.


Hammertoe

This is a condition where the middle joint of affected toe buckles to poke out aggravated by the use of tight-fitting shoes. 


Foot fractures

Major injuries such as fall, twist, or blow are the major causes of foot fractures including any one of the 26 bones that make up our feet.

Although minor fractures may heal itself out while the major ones may need surgery or a cast to heal.

References

John Hopkins University (2020), Foot pain and problems, Department of Medicine and Health, Newsletter

Kyoung Min Han, William C Shiel (2019), MedicineNet, Article on Foot Pain


By Clinic One Team
17 | 07 | 2020



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