Vaccination Schedule for children
The following is a Vaccination schedule recommended by Government of Nepal, Ministry of Health & Population for children.
The goal of this immunization schedule is to reduce child mortality, morbidity and disability associated with vaccine preventable disease.
Influenza Vaccine is recommended for people of all ages from 6 months of age. Children younger than j9 years of age who have not been vaccinated or no been infected by influenza should be vaccinated two doses at an interval of at least 4 weeks.
HPV (Human Papilloma Virus Vaccine)
HPV Vaccine is recommended for females from 9 – 45 years of age for the prevention of cervical cancer. It is also recommended for males to prevent against infections caused by Human Papilloma Virus. Females between 9 to 14 years of age requires 2 doses of the vaccine, the second dose administered between 5 and 13 months after the first dose.
A third dose should always be administered, if the second vaccine dose is received before the 5th month after the first dose.
For 15 years and above age, 3 doses of HPV vaccine is required, the second dose given after 1 month of the first dose and the third dose is given after 6 months of the first dose.
PCV (Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine)
PCV (Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine) is provided for the prevention of pneumonia in infants and children from 2 months to 5 years of age.
Meningitis Vaccine (Menactra) is indicated for active immunization to prevent invasive meningococcal disease caused by Neisseria meningitides serogroups A, C, Y and W -135. It is approved for use in individuals greater than 9 months of age. In children 9 through 23 months of age, Menactra is given as a 2 close series at least 3 months apart. Individuals 2 through 55 years of age receive a single dose.
Typhoid Vaccine is recommended against typhoid fever caused by ingestion of contaminated food and water. Currently two types of Typhoid vaccines are available at Clinic One: TYPBAR and TCV (Typhoid Conjugate Vaccine).
TYPBAR is provided for both adults and children of 2 years of age and older. Individuals who remain at risk of typhoid fever should be given a single booster dose of the vaccine with an interval of not more than 3 years.
TCV is provided to infants of 6months and older, and children from 3 years and older.
Varicella Vaccine (Chicken Pox Vaccine)
Varicella Vaccine is provided for protection against chicken pox.
- The varicella vaccine is given by injection when the kids are between 12 to 15 months old. At 4 to 6 years of age, they are given a booster shot for protection
- Kids who are older than 6 but younger than 13 who have not have chicken pox also may receive the vaccine, with the two doses given at least 3 months apart.
- Kids 13 years or older who have not had either chicken pox or the vaccine need two vaccine doses at least 1 month apart.
Hepatitis A Vaccine is indicated for active immunization against hepatitis A virus in children above 1 year of age.
Hepatitis B Vaccine is given for protection against Hepatitis B Virus. It should be provided to infants on the schedule of 6, 10 and 14 weeks, but it can be started at any time, provided that the second dose is given after 1 month of first dose and the third dose is given after 6 months of the 1st dose.