Got a scratch from a stray metal in Nepal? Got prickled by a nail or rusty metal in Kathmandu Nepal? Be very careful and get a Tetanus Vaccine immediately. Do you need vaccines before you start college outside Nepal? Got a burn? Stay protected for many years and get a Tetanus shot?
We offer a Tetanus Vaccine at Clinic One in Jawalkhel Lalitpur 7 days a week in a clean and comfortable ambience. This is urgent so we will take care of you quickly.
Details of the Drug
Brand Name: ABI-IAY lOX
Dose and Route of administration: 0.5ml, Intramuscularly
Tetanus vaccine, also known as tetanus toxoid (UT), is an inactive vaccine used to prevent tetanus.
What is tetanus?
Tetanus is an infection which is caused by a bacteria called Clostridium tetani which can attack the muscles and nervous system. It is a serious infection which may be fatal in some cases. The bacterium live in the dirt and soil which may enter your body through a cut or a wound in the skin. The bacteria secrets a toxin which causes the illness.
Even small wounds such as a prick from a thorn can allow enough bacteria to get into the body to cause tetanus. The illness usually lakes 7-8 days to develop hut can vary from one day to two months.
- Pain and Redness at the area of injection
- Fever, feeling tired and minor muscles pains occur in less than 10°/o of people.
- Severe allergic reactions may occur in less than one in hundreds of thousands of people.
- Vaccine is postponed if person has fever, illness
- Do not take tetanus toxoid if you are allergic to it or any of the other ingredients of this injection.
- Mycophenolate Mofetil
- Immune suppressive agent
Tetanus vaccine is actually given combined with other vaccines. There are three types of combination vaccine:
- For young children the pre-school booster is normally part of the combined diphtheria/tetanus/acellular whooping cough (pertussis)/inactivated polio vaccine (DTaP/JPV or dTaP/IPV).
- For children aged less than 10 years the vaccine is usually part of the combined diphtheria/tetanus/acellular whooping cough (pertussis) inactivated polio vaccine/plus Haemophilus influenzae type b (DTaP/l PV/H ib).
- For adults and teenagers who receive tetanus immunization, a combined tetanus, diphtheria/inactivated polio vaccine (Td/IPV) is normally used.
The vaccine prompts your body to produce antibodies against the tetanus toxin. These antibodies protect you from the tetanus infection
Tetanus immunization time table
All children are offered tetanus immunization as part of the routine immunization programme. A full course of tetanus immunization consists of five doses of vaccine as follows:
If your wound or injury is exposed to high risk for tetanus (for example, where there has been significant contact with soil or manure) then an injection of human tetanus immunoglobulin is usually given, regardless of whether you have been immunized against tetanus or not. This gives extra protection against tetanus.
The primary course of three injections gives good protection for a number of years. The fourth and fifth doses (boosters) maintain protection. After the fifth dose, there is no need for any further boosters as the immunity remains for lifetime (apart from some travel situations – see ‘I am going abroad’. below)
Tetanus, Diphtheria, Pertussis Vaccine for Adults
TDaP is a combination vaccine that defends against three possibly life-threatening bacterial diseases: tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis (whooping cough). Td is a booster vaccine for diphtheria and tetanus. It does not protect against pertussis.
Tetanus bacteria get inside the body through a wound or cut. It can cause extremely painful muscle spasms and affects the brain and nervous system. Spasms of the jaw can make ¡t impossible for you to open your mouth. This condition is commonly known as “lockjaw.” One out of five people infected with tetanus results in death.
Diphtheria is a very contagious infection which causes a thick layer of covering on the back of the throat that can cause difficulty in breathing. In severe cases, it can lead to heart failure and damage to the nervous system.
Pertussis, or whooping cough, is a respiratory infection that can lead to severe breathing problems, especially in infants and is extremely contagious. Pertussis first seems like an ordinary cold, but then it is followed by fierce, uncontrollable coughing spells. A “whoop” sound is heard after coughing when the person tries to take a breath.
Adult Dose: One TDaP, if not already received, can be given at any time: then follow up in 10 years with TD.
ACIP recommends TDaP with each pregnancy.
When Should Adults Be Vaccinated With TDaP?
The TDaP vaccine is recommended by the CDC for all adults from 19 years of age to older, who have yet not received the vaccine, especially:
- Health care staffs who are involved directly with the patients
- People who takes care of infants under 1 year old, which includes parents, grandparents, and babysitters
- In their third trimester for pregnant women (ideally 27th through 36th week), even if they have previously received TDap vaccine: this can protect a newborn from whooping cough in the first months of life.
- New mothers who have never received the Tdap
- Travelers who are visiting countries where pertussis is common
- If you have a severe cut or burn, you may be given the Tdap vaccine. Severe cuts or burns raise your risk for tetanus.
The Tdap vaccine can always be given. Only one shot is needed. It may be given with other vaccinations. The interval of the last TdaP vaccine given doesn’t matter.
The Tdap vaccine can be used safely for those ages 65 and over, according to 2013 CDC’s recommendations.
Who Needs a Booster Shot?
Tdap is given only once during your lifetime. However, you may need routine booster shots ofthe Td vaccine over 10 years to adequately protect you against tetanus and diphtheria.
Who Should Not Get the Vaccine?
You should not get the vaccine if you have had:
- An allergic reaction in the past to any of the vaccine ingredients in a serious manner.
- If caused seizures or coma within a week of getting vaccine for pertussis during childhood.
If you have had any of the following, you should consult your doctor about which vaccine is right for you: TDaP or Td.
- Epilepsy or another nervous system problem
- Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS)
- Severe swelling or pain in the past after receiving a pertussis, tetanus, or diphtheria vaccination
- If you are ill (moderate or serious)(your doctor may recommend to wait until you recover to get the shot); the CDC says you can still get the vaccine, if you’re suffering from mild illness such as common cold or light fever.
Side Effects and Risks of Tdap and Td?
Like all medicines, vaccines can have side effects. However, there is only a small chance of a life-threatening reaction. The CDC says the dangers of developing pertussis, tetanus, or diphtheria far outweighs the risks of vaccination.
Mild side effects of Tdap may include:
- Pain, redness, or swelling in the area of the shot was given
- Mild fever
- Stomach upset, including nausea, vomiting, or diarrheaN4uscle aches and pains
- Swollen glands
Mild side effects of Td may include:
- Pain, redness, or swelling in the arm where the shot was given
- Mild fever
Allergic Reactions in adults to Tdap or Td Vaccines?
Although it’s scarce, some people might have a serious allergic reaction to any of the ingredient in the Tdap or Td vaccine. This normally occurs in less than one in a million doses, most of the time, such reactions takes place within a few minutes of receiving the shot. The following can be the symptoms of a severe allergic reaction, which is called anaphylaxis:
- Behavior changes
- Breathing difficulty, including wheezing
- Hoarse voice
- High fever
- Pale skin
- Rapid heart heat
Additional Information at Center for Disease Control
Back to Vaccination Page.